Climate Change and Renewable Energy

Climate change will be the biggest global risk for the next 10 years. Climate change is now occurring and expected to continue: temperatures are rising, precipitation cycles are changing, ice and snow are melting, and sea levels are rising. Excessive weather and climate-related events that cause hazards such as floods and droughts will begin to occur more frequently and intensively in many regions. Eco-systems, economic sectors and their impacts on human health and well-being and weak points differ across Europe. Even if global efforts to reduce emissions are effective, climate change is inevitable and complementary actions are required to adapt to its effects



Sustainable Waste Management

White the impact of industrialization and urbanization in the globalizing world, resources are used unconsciously and wastes are generated as a result of this consumption. Waste is an economically and environmentally examined subject. The transport, collection, disposal and management of these wastes such as solid waste, packaging wastes, hazardous wastes, medical wastes & special wastes resulting from our consumption habits, is crucial. Particular attention should be paid to the management of solid wastes. This type of waste, which contains multiple types of waste, affects significantly people, nature, health, environment and economy




Future Size of the World Tourism Economy and Aviation

Investments to be made in a place with high tourism opportunities will amortize itself in a short time and will contribute to the development of other sectors. Productivity in tourism is much higher compared to other industries. Tourism, which is one of the rapidly developing sectors in the world; It contributes to many economic developments such as creating employment, providing foreign currency input, and increasing tax revenues. So depending on the development of tourism in Turkey also opened new business areas, revival of trade is provided. Accommodation, restaurants and shopping centers opened in places suitable for tourism have created a job opportunity for a part of the population. Infectious diseases and pandemics are factors of change that create “greater influence and uncertainty than ever” in the aviation industry. In order to limit the spread of COVID-19 in March 2020, cancellation of airline flights and country-based restrictions (travel advice and prohibitions) almost completely stopped international travel. In some cases, these restrictions also cover airline freight transport, although it plays an important role in combating COVID-19 by delivering much-needed medicines and medical equipment and keeping global supply chains running for time-sensitive materials.




Trends in Mobility Ecosystem

As with any major transformation, the future of mobility comes with opportunities and challenges, resulting in winners and losers. Many of the changes are expected to come faster than expected. In todays industry, companies could take advantage of the oppotunity for transformation and adaptation, which means they can take sustainable an safe advantages. The widespread automotive industry is going through a comprehensive and transformative change process that supports the emergence of the new mobility ecosytem. Automobile financing companies, an indispensable part of the industry, also need to transform their business models to adapt to new sources of growth and value creation.





Society 5.O, Cyber Wars and Artificial Intelligence

Considering the need for a new smart society philosophy and project of the Digital Transformation Age, Japan introduced the Society 5.0 philosophy by Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe. It was declared to the world  with a 26 page study prepared by the Japanese Federation of Economic Organizations Keidanren, where a new  economy and sociology reform is needed within the scope of the Community 5.0 philosophy. According to this  new philosophy, the Hunter's Society appears as the Agricultural Society, the Industrial Society, the Information Society and the Smart Society (Society 5.0). An important part of the conflicts between the dominant powers is  being carried to digital environment. Cyber ​​wars, which are among the "playmaker" elements in global politics  and economy, , cause serious discussions between Western countries and Russia, China, Iran and North Korea. Artificial intelligence is not used to change us, but to make our abilities even more unlimited. Artificial  intelligence brings both individuals and companies to a better position in their work. Since artificial intelligence  learns algorithms differently from people, they look at some situations from different perspectives. In this way, they enable  us to see the  overlooked ones.




Sustainability of Agriculture and International Food Safety

In the world, which has entered a new century, concerns about the future have started to be experienced more intensely. The sharp increase in the world's population raises the question of whether we can produce enough nutrients to feed so many people in the future. The results of most of the researches show that the threshold of an unsustainable development has been approached with the intensive agricultural production programs implemented.




Changes of Health Economy After COVID-19 and Biotechnological Investments

Planning the structural and technical features of health services in our country with an understanding that can be sustained in an efficient, qualityfast and economical way has become one of the most discussed topics in recent years. Services can be taken further; In other words, it will be possible by activating the service units or by taking the measures that will enable the existing facilities to be used more effectively and efficiently. The  aim is to ensure that everyone gets general healthcare, safe and accessible medicines and vaccinations. Supporting vaccine research and development  is an indispensable part of this process. The new coronavirus disease (COVID-19) puts an emphasis on the health of health systems, the  emergency preparedness and response capabilities of countries. The rapid spread of COVID-19 highlights the urgent need for a strong healthcare  workforce as an integral part of sound health systems. Very serious investments have started to be made in the field of biotechnology. However, important developments have started to occur in pharmaceutical technology. Pharmaceuticals: It is an expensive and strategic item. Biosimilar drugs is gaining prevalence in the world in recent years, the pharmaceutical industry spent to move slowly began to be produced in Turkey and biosimilar drugs. of medicines produced by biotechnology to provide the infrastructure of the widely produced in Turkey it is of great importance for  the Future.




Income Inequality, Equal Oppurtunity In Economy

It is known that transition economies have a relatively less uneven structure in income distribution at the beginning of the transition due to the structure of the socialist system. However, in parallel with their political independence in 1991, most of these countries have moved from political totalitarian structure to democratization and, economically, from socialist planner economy to capitalist market economy. While the transition process to the capitalist market economy has brought along certain transformations in the economic structure at the beginning, the shrinkage in national revenues, high or even hyper-inflation processes and widespread unemployment have resulted in the disintegration of the relative egalitarian structure in the income distribution. Consequently, transition economies have begun to experience large-scale declines in income and increasing inequalities in income distribution.




Smart Cities and Social Sustainability

More than half of the world's population now lives in cities. By 2050, this figure will be 6.5 billion, i.e. 2/3 of the world's population. If we do not significantly change the way we build and manage our urban areas, we cannot achieve sustainable development. The rapid growth of cities in developing countries and the increase in rural-to-urban immigration led to a large increase in the number of mega-cities. In 1990, the number of mega-cities with a population of 10 million or more was 10. In 2014, there were 28 mega-cities with a total of 453 million people. Extreme poverty is often concentrated in urban areas; national and local governments are striving to accommodate an increasing population. Making cities safe and sustainable means providing safe and sustainable housing and gentrification. Also, investing in public transport, creating public green spaces, improving urban planning and management to be both participatory and inclusive.




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